Countess Markiewicz

Countess Markiewicz was born as Constance Gore-Booth in 1868 in London. Her father had an estate at Lissadell in the north of County Sligo, Ireland; the children grew up there and Constance and her sister Eva were childhood friends of WB Yeats whose artistic and political ideas were a strong influence on them. Constance went to study art at the Slade School of Art in London, she became politically active and joined the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies.

Countess Markiewicz, founder of Fianna eireann

She moved to Paris, marrying Count Kazimierz Dunin-Markiewicz, a Ukranian aristocrat. The couple settled in Dublin where Constance established herself as a landscape painter and helped found the United Artists Club. Socialising in artistic and literary circles, she met and became influenced by revolutionary patriots. In 1908 she joined Sinn Fein and the revolutionary women’s movement, Inghinidhe na hEireann; she also began to perform in plays at the Abbey Theatre.

In 1909, she founded Fianna-Eireann, an organisation that instructed boys in military tactics and the in the use of firearms. She joined James Connolly’s Irish Citizen Army, designing their uniform and composing their anthem. During the 1916 Rising, she was second in command to Michael Mallin in St. Stephen’s Green. Under sniper fire from the surrounding buildings, including the Shelbourne Hotel, they retreated to the Royal College of Surgeons. When the leaders of the Rising surrendered, she was arrested, incarcerated in Kilmainham Gaol, she was sentenced to death but the sentence was later commuted to a life sentence.

Under the general amnesty she was released in 1917 and in 1918 she ran in the general election becoming the first woman elected to the British House of Commons, however in line with Sinn Fein policy, she refused to take her seat. She later served as Minister for Labour in the Irish cabinet becoming the first female cabinet minister in Europe. She left government in 1922, opposing the Anglo-Irish Treaty, fighting actively for the Republican cause during the Civil War. She again won election to government in the 1923 and 1927 general elections. She died in 1927 and is buried in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin

Russell Shortt is a travel consultant with Exploring Ireland, the leading specialists in customised, private escorted tours, escorted coach tours and independent self drive tours of Ireland.

Article source: Russell Shortt,

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One Comment

  1. Tommy Mooney July 18, 2011 at 12:45 pm

    I noted , in P O’Rourke’s review of the “Turturi” book , naming DeValera as an English Spy, that the book also mentions Madam Markiewicz as a “coward”. But this is not the first publication to so brand the Countess. Wylie , the often quoted British Prosecutor, in his memoir of the Courts Martial of the 1916 Leaders also “recalled” how the Countess threw herself on the Mercy of the Court, sobbing and pleading “You cannot execute me, a helpless woman !” or words to that effect.
    I find it difficult , to say the least, to reconcile the two contradictory opinions of her Character. Firstly the one more generally put forward of her courage , as she withstood much hardship in Ireland’s cause and then, this opinion of a woman who must , accordingly, have merely sought notoriety, and hadn’t thought through the consequence of her actions at that Easter in Dublin ? Are the two viewpoints merely Propaganda and counter propaganda from opposing sides then ? If so, even a line through the centre of the two stances reveals to me, a woman of some courage and commitment and one far removed from the more conventional weak femininity suggested by Turturi’s book.

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